pastorCardiac catheterization for the elderly is a medical procedure that is used to treat some diseases of the heart and arteries in an exceptional manner. The use of this cardiac catheterization usually causes serious disorders and unexpected complications, especially during the procedure. Therefore, many people are looking for the use of cardiac catheterization for the elderly and how it is performed The process and what complications that the sick person may be exposed to.
Cardiac catheterization types:
Cardiac catheterization is of two types:
- Diagnostic cardiac catheterization:
It is a means of examination and diagnosis of the heart chambers and coronary arteries that supply the heart muscle, coronary arteries and the main veins. Its purpose is:
- Diagnosis and examination of clogged and narrowed coronary arteries with waxy plaque.
- Estimation of the degree and stage of valvular heart disease.
- Little estimate of myocardial function.
- Locate narrowing or blockages in the blood vessels that can cause severe chest pain.
- Measuring oxygen levels and pressure in different parts of the heart.
- Carry out the necessary treatments for narrowed or blocked arteries.
- Search for congenital defects in the heart chambers and valves.
- Taking a small sample of heart tissue for examination and diagnosis under the microscope.
- Ultrasound can be used during cardiac catheterization in the elderly for the accurate and interpretive evaluation of the degree of obstruction of the coronary arteries branching from the aorta.
- Therapeutic cardiac catheterization:
Therapeutic cardiac catheterization aims to widen the narrowed arteries in the heart through balloon angioplasty or start implanting stents, as well as widening the narrowed heart valves. It can also be used to widen the renal artery and the peripheral artery. Its purpose:
- Opening a narrowed heart valve is called balloon valve surgery.
- Treatment of cardiac arrhythmias by ablation.
- Closing the holes in the heart and restoring the rest of the other congenital defects.
- Repair or replacement of heart valves.
- Expansion of the narrowed artery and vascular surgery with the possibility of placing or not placing a stent.
- Close part of the heart to stop blood clots.
How to perform a cardiac catheterization:
- Cardiac catheterization is done for the elderly in a room equipped with a CT scan, and you often do this operation while you are awake without anesthesia.
- But there are some procedures that require general anesthesia, such as excision of the tachycardia and the restoration or replacement of the heart valve.
- The solutions are installed to give the patient any additional medications that he may need during the cardiac catheterization procedure for the elderly. The electrodes are placed on the patient’s chest to check the regularity of the heart rhythm during the catheterization procedure.
- The hair is shaved from the place where the catheter is inserted, and before the catheter is inserted into the patient’s artery, the patient will be given a drug to numb the area. You may feel rapid and severe pain before the anesthesia.
- After you feel numb, the doctor uses a thin needle to make a small hole in the blood vessels, to insert a pointed tube.
- A very thin and flexible wire is inserted into the blood vessels and through it the catheter is placed properly.
- The doctor can put a special type of dye in the catheter to flow the dye through the bloodstream to the patient’s heart and then take pictures of his heart with a CT scan.
- When the catheter is in the patient’s heart, the doctor may use it to take blood samples and biopsies of tissue or perform minor heart surgery.
- Your doctor may use ultrasound to visualize the inside of your coronary artery.
- In some cases, the attending physician can use a specific medical dye and also insert it into the tube for a more accurate and disciplined diagnosis of the blood vessels and the heart, but some instructions must be adhered to to maintain the heart and its health, and to avoid smoking greedily, drinking a lot of alcohol, and reducing fatty foods that contain the largest percentage of fat and cholesterol. .
The different steps of cardiac catheterization for the elderly:
Cardiac catheterization in the elderly with the aim of coronary angiography:
Cardiac catheterization for the elderly aims to check for narrowing or blockage of the arteries that lead to the heart, in which the catheter is injected with a specific type of dye to flow the dye through the bloodstream to the heart and then take X-ray pictures clearly of the arteries of the heart.
Cardiac catheterization for the elderly to take a sample of heart tissue:
This procedure is done with the aim of taking a sample of heart tissue, where the catheter is placed through a vein in the groin. Often, this type of diagnostic catheter includes a very small part of the front that looks like a screwdriver to facilitate obtaining a sample of the tissue.
Cardiac catheterization procedure for the elderly in order to widen the arteries:
- A process aimed at widening narrow arteries. Catheters may be inserted from the thigh or arm. This type of therapeutic catheter usually includes a catheter called a balloon that inflates in the narrow place of the arteries, which helps to widen them.
Cardiac catheterization for the elderly in order to repair and repair heart defects:
- This type of cardiac catheterization contains a special instrument that is crossed using the catheter and the hole in the heart is closed without surgical intervention on both sides and without the need to rupture the rib cage.
- In the early stages of human life, a heart hole is usually treated without surgical intervention by catheterization, and a few in the advanced stages of life.
Complications of cardiac catheterization in the elderly:
Often complications of cardiac catheterization for the elderly or young are rare, and the catheterization doctor can control them if they occur, but the risks of cardiac catheterization for the elderly increase if the person has kidney disease or if the patient is over 75 years old.
Some of the rare complications of cardiac catheterization for the elderly are:
- Bruising at the place where the cardiac catheter was inserted, either in the thigh or arm.
- Bleeding occurs.
- a heart rhythm disorder;
- In the case of diagnostic cardiac catheterization, the body is allergic to the dye or from treatments in the case of therapeutic cardiac catheterization.
- The occurrence of blood clots.
- Negative effect on the kidneys.
- The occurrence of heart attacks.
- The possibility of a stroke.
What is the success rate of cardiac catheterization for the elderly? The success rate of cardiac catheterization for the elderly can reach 99% when choosing a cardiac catheterization doctor who is an expert in such procedures.
In the end
You should not panic about the idea of cardiac catheterization for the elderly and the side effects after cardiac catheterization, because as it has been clarified that side effects are rare, especially when following up the health condition with a cardiac catheterization doctor, As the complications of this procedure called catheterization occur only in one case of every 100,000 people compared to treatments for heart disease by other traditional methods such as open-heart surgery, and cardiac catheterization for the elderly is one of the safest methods of treating heart diseases .
As for the diagnostic cardiac catheterization, it is considered one of the most disciplined methods of diagnosing heart diseases compared to other traditional methods such as CT scans of the arteries.
Dear reader, you must reassure the health of your heart and the health of your family’s heart by educating your mind about all matters related to heart disease