Pancreatic tumors are a high-risk type of tumor because they pose an immediate threat to public health and develop for months or even years before any signs or early symptoms appear and are diagnosed late. Many types of pancreatic tumors can grow and the most common type and outbreak of tumor begins Which consists in pancreatic cells that carry digestive stimuli outside the pancreatic cells of the ductal glands.
In this article, we will discuss in detail the most important causes, symptoms and methods of treating various pancreatic tumors by the treating oncologist. .
Methods of treating pancreatic tumors:
There are many treatment methods that are used to treat pancreatic cancerous tumors, and the treating doctor chooses the appropriate method for the nature of each case, and treatment methods include the following:
- Where surgical treatment is resorted to in specific cases because it is one of the most common ways to treat pancreatic tumors, such as:
- If the tumor is visible and located in the beginning of the pancreas, then surgical intervention is performed to remove it and remove the first part of the small intestine and gallbladder, and a small part of the bile duct and nearby lymph nodes, and in some cases also part of the stomach and another part of the colon may be removed.
- Removing the left side of the pancreas and the oncologist may need to remove the spleen.
- Sometimes the whole pancreas is removed in some cases and you can live in a relatively normal and normal way without the pancreas, but you will need to compensate for the deficiencies in insulin and enzyme throughout your life.
- The deficiency and loss of pancreatic digestive enzymes can be treated through the use of preparations called oral enzyme, and if the patient has diabetes, he may need insulin treatment.
- In the event that the patient with pancreatic tumors is in its late or advanced stages, the surgery also includes extirpation of the adjacent blood vessels and they are reconstructed.
- Where radiation treatments such as X-rays can be used as high energy to destroy cancer cells, you may get radiation treatments before or after surgical intervention, and most often it is a combination of chemotherapy.
- Chemotherapy can use drugs to kill, destroy and destroy cancer cells. Medicines can be used in two ways, such as injected into a vein or taken by mouth. Chemotherapy is used to treat pancreatic tumors if the cancer has not spread outside the pancreas to other organs.
Pancreatic cancer symptoms:
Symptoms of pancreatic tumors vary according to the nature and stage of each case, the degree of infection and the size of the tumor:
- Constant feeling of pain in the abdomen and extends to the back.
- Lack of appetite and consequent weight loss is obvious.
- Sensation of itching in the skin.
- The incidence of diabetes and the difficulty of controlling it, and thus the difficulty of treating pancreatic tumors.
- Ease of exposure to blood clots.
- Feeling of constant fatigue and lethargy.
- Acute inflammation of the pancreas.
- Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice)
- Light-colored stools.
- Urine changes color to dark.
- Sensation of severe pain in the abdomen and extends to the ribs and also the spine.
Causes of pancreatic tumors:
It is not correct to say that there is a prominent or specific cause that can lead to pancreatic tumors, but it is possible that there are some elements that can affect health and lead to pancreatic tumors, including the following:
- Pancreatic tumors can appear when there are disorders, problems, or changes in their DNA. These cells grow abnormally and uncommonly, as they cannot be controlled. The accumulated cells may be a tumor when left untreated, and these pancreatic cells spread to nearby organs, blood vessels, and organs distant in the body.
- Having diabetes.
- To have chronic pancreatitis.
- The presence of genetic syndromes and a family history diagnosis of the same disease that can increase the risk of developing a tumor.
- Aging, especially after the age of 65 years.
- Tumors form in hormone-producing cells and these types of tumors are called (radicular cell tumors or pancreatic endocrine carcinomas).
Stages of development of pancreatic tumors:
There are 4 stages of development of pancreatic tumors, ranging between severity and weakness, and from here we know what they are:
The first stage:
- At this stage, the tumor is detected in the pancreatic cells only, that is, it has not been transferred to any other organ near the pancreas, and the disease can be classified at that stage as the early first stage.
The second phase:
- At this point, it is possible that the tumor has spread to the nearby lymph nodes of the pancreas, or the tumor has grown in size but has not spread to nearby organs.
- It is the movement of the tumor and its spread to the large blood vessels and nearby organs, then it is transferred to the abdomen, spleen or large intestine, and the tumor may be expanding and penetrating and affecting the lymph nodes or not.
The fourth stage:
- The tumor has spread and expanded to other nearby organs such as the liver, lungs and stomach lining, and doctors call this stage advanced cancer.
How to diagnose pancreatic cancer or tumors:
There are many diagnostic methods that the treating oncologist uses to examine and detect the cancerous tumor, including the identification and selection of various treatment methods according to the nature of each case. Among the diagnostic methods are the following:
- Imaging tests that take pictures of the internal organs and help these tests see the internal organs, including the pancreas and other organs desired to be examined. Techniques used to diagnose pancreatic tumors may also include ultrasound, and sometimes computed tomography and also Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.
- A biopsy is done to take a small sample of body tissue to comply with examination through a microscope and most often the tissue is fused during endoscopic ultrasound by passing special tools through an endoscope.
- Submitting a blood test to look for certain proteins produced by pancreatic tumor cells.
- Endoscopic imaging, which is a device whose function is ultrasound to monitor and collect a group of images of the pancreas from inside the abdomen. The device is passed through a thin and flexible endoscope down the esophagus and also into the stomach in order to obtain the images.
In the end
We recommend seeking medical help in the event of any changes and transformations in the usual and familiar nature of the body and feeling the symptoms of pancreatic tumors that were mentioned previously, where the focus of treatment is primarily on the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic tumors and their symptoms and how to control and control the accompanying symptoms as explained in This article is about ways to treat pancreatic tumors and their most important causes Care is a very important type of treatment, represented by treating weight loss disorders, eating healthy food, taking vitamins that help digest food, and helping to treat and relieve pain and fatigue.