Find out what happens after cardiac catheterization 2023


Cardiac catheterization means to open the coronary blood vessels that increase the blood in the heart muscle by the amount necessary for it to perform its function normally and properly, in the event that these blood vessels have some problems that can cause narrowing or blockage in them, such as atherosclerosis.

Cardiac catheterization is also performed to diagnose And examination of vascular diseases and works to relieve chest pain caused by angina pectoris and improve the performance of heart function, and in many cases it works to save the patient’s life only after following all the instructions after the heart catheterization operation.

What is a cardiac catheterization procedure?

Cardiac catheterization is a comprehensive examination to assess the effectiveness of the heart. It is carried out by inserting a thin, hollow, flexible tube called a catheter into a large blood vessel in the patient’s thigh or arm.

It is guided using x-rays until it reaches the aorta and to the heart to diagnose and start treating some heart diseases, such as arterial blockages. Cardiac catheterization process allows the doctor to look closely at the heart, its valves, and blood vessels, and check the flow of blood through them.

Often, a CT scan is used in the examination and is injected into the blood vessels through the cardiac catheterization process to obtain CT scan videos of the heart organ, its valves, and coronary arteries.

After cardiac catheterization, tips and methods of recovery:

Post-cardiac catheterization tips with regard to physical activity vary according to the type of catheterization that has been complied with. These tips include the following:

After cardiac femoral catheterization

Post-femoral catheterization advice regarding physical activity includes the following:

  • Avoid overworking the stomach muscles while not being tired and exerting a lot of energy during the bowel movement for the first 4 days after the femoral operation to prevent bleeding from the catheter insertion site.
  • Avoid pushing or pulling heavy objects for the first week after cardiac catheterization.
  • Avoid sexual activities for 5 days after the cardiac catheterization.
  • Avoid swimming and showering in the first week, but the patient can shower, but he must make sure that the area where the catheter was inserted does not enter the water for the first 48 hours.
  • Refrain from participating in activities that require effort for a period not exceeding 5 days after the operation.
  • With regard to climbing stairs, it is allowed in the event that it is necessary to do so, and this must be done very carefully and slowly.
  • Gradually increase activities and reach the usual level of activity and this should be done over a period of 7 days after the cardiac catheterization.

Cardiac catheterization fromFor major blood vessels:

Tips for post-cardiac catheterization of the radial artery with regard to physical activity include the following:

  • Not to participate in activities that require effort for two days after the catheterization of the heart from the blood vessels, and this guarantees most of the physical activities, which are jogging, diving and shooting sports.
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects and completely avoid them for a while.
  • Other tips after cardiac catheterization:
  • Take care of the place where the catheter needle is inserted, as there is a bandage over the site of the wound site because it is likely to be in the place of the radial artery, i.e. in the arm or thigh areas.
  • Make sure to remove the bandage properly, and this is done by placing simple drops of water on the adhesive tape and removing it, and we should know that the bandage can be removed the day after the operation.
  • Covering the place of the operation with a bandage on the place where the catheter was inserted, i.e. the place of the wound, which is normal after several days of completing the operation. It is also possible that the place where the catheter was inserted will be swollen and somewhat pink.
  • Rinse and disinfect the catheter insertion site at least once a day with soap and water by applying soap and water to hands or a piece of cloth and gently washing the area.
  • After the treated heart catheterization, the patient is kept under medical supervision and usually stays in the hospital for a few days
  • The dressing is removed from the wound a few days after the operation, and there may be bleeding that will resolve automatically after several days, and pain relievers can be used.
  • You must go to the doctor urgently in the event of the emergence of some disorders such as: unexplained high temperature, drop in blood pressure and shortness of breath.

Cardiac catheterization risks:

  • Cardiac catheterization has a few risks:
  • Infection at the site of the wound.
  • Bleeding occurs.
  • The occurrence of scars at the site of the wound.
  • Hypersensitivity to anesthetics.
  • Damage to the blood vessels in the heart.
  • Unsteady heartbeat.

How long does cardiac catheterization take?

  • Cardiac catheterization aims to diagnose and treat diseases of the heart as well as blood vessels, but during the catheterization process, a thin, flexible tube called a catheter is inserted into the artery, vein, or in the patient’s neck or arm and is connected through the blood vessels in the heart.
  • The process may take about 30 minutes, but you must wait for the follow-up.
  • In the case of a diagnostic catheterization, it takes 8 to 10 hours after the catheterization.
  • In the case of a therapeutic catheterization, the patient stays for the next day.

Is cardiac catheterization dangerous?

  • It is not permissible to say that the operation of cardiac catheterization is dangerous, as this operation is often very safe, but some patients may feel inconvenience due to having to lie for a long period of time. The complications of cardiac catheterization are few and depend on the patient’s circumstances and condition, including:
  • Feeling pain in the chest, especially in the place where the arteries are inserted, such as the thigh muscle, where the patient can feel slight numbness.
  • Pain caused by inserting the catheter needle into these arteries.
  • The appearance of blood clots that can cause stroke and heart attack.
  • Unstable heart rhythm caused by the accumulation of blood and fluid in the sac surrounding the heart.
  • The occurrence of cracks in the tissues of the heart and arteries.
  • The spread of bacterial infection and others.
  • The occurrence of some inflation in these arteries
  • Minor bleeding in addition to the appearance of bruises in the arm and thigh areas.

How to prepare for cardiac catheterization:

  • Before performing the cardiac catheterization procedure, the attending physician at the center asks for many instructions before performing the procedure, which include the following:
  • Knowing the doctor about all the medications the patient is taking.
  • Make sure to do all the necessary tests before the cardiac catheterization operation.
  • The doctor’s instructions should be taken to refrain from eating and drinking at least 4 hours before the operation.
  • You should follow up with your doctor if you are allergic to specific substances.
  • Avoid stopping or changing medications without consulting the attending physician.
  • As a patient, you should stay away from anxiety, nervousness and tension.

In the end

We have provided simple and interpreted medical information about the cardiac catheterization procedure and everything related to it, within the scope of the medical services provided by the Shifa Center.

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